- 1920: Josef Čapek, a Czech artist, writer and poet, invents the word “Robot” and his brother Karel Čapek, a writer, playwright and critic, introduces it to the literary world with his play, R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots).
- 1942: Isaac Asimov develops a set of rules for robotics known as the Three Laws of Robotics (often referred to as “The Three Laws” or “Asimov’s Laws”) in his short story “Runaround”. This later becomes part of his I, Robot collection in the Robot series.
- 1955: John McCarthy, considered as one of the “founding fathers” of Artificial Intelligence, coins the term “Artificial Intelligence”.
- 1956: John McCarthy organizes the famous Dartmouth conference, an AI workshop considered to be the founding event of Artificial Intelligence as a field.
- 1959: Arthur Samuel, a pioneer in the field of computer gaming and artificial intelligence, coins the term “Machine Learning”.
- 1997: IBM’s supercomputer, Deep Blue, beats Garry Kasparov in chess, becoming the first computer ever to beat a world champion.
- 2000s: The introduction of new technology and products such as faster and more powerful computers, big data, and applied Neural Network technologies brings huge waves of AI development.
- Future: We will see the launch of more AI and ML-enabled products and services and Quantum Computing will impact the world dramatically.